●Design I： Deepening of textile printing / reserve printing techniques and study on color harmony
Outline・Meaning of textile changes drastically by adding colors to effective repetitious patterns (repeat).
Students perform printing of Repeat (4 sides / half step), material, pattern and grand, coloring reserve printing (pigments and dyes) on cotton fabric with several different textures. In textile design production, color and pattern creates rhythms, while indicating the area of use at the same time. It also leads to understanding of the history of patterns as means to avoid a blank area.
After a workshop on tactile perception, students perform silkscreen printing, study effects of frottage and then make yukata, while conducting studies on hue harmony throughout the entire process.
●Design II： Tactile perception and weaving ＜OFF LOOM・FELT＞
Students experiment with expressions of textile art through fabric art produced by the act of weaving. Possibilities of textile are enhanced by creating a system of language, form, and body. Students master OFF LOOM, hand spinning, felt, batik, and Yuzen.
Students start from drawings, and then learn basics of OFF LOOM using wood frame, hand spinning, felt, batik, and Yuzen.
●Design III： Structure of weaving and color study
It is necessary to understand three elements, namely organization, color and material when designing textile. Students learn and understand three basic organizations of weaving (plain weave, shamon ori (twill), satin weave) and multilayered organization, and then develop original designs. As a study of color effect, students make stripe composition (separation effect) first, and then explore images of checker pattern, and stripes through two-dimensional composition and collage. Weft face (tapestry weave) expression is studied by making the miniature.
Students learn and understand structure of weaving and color study by weaving wool using tabletop weaving machine. Tapestry technique is mastered by using OFF LOOM, and students conduct research for assignments in the third year.
Tapestry, decorating the wall surface, is known as the art form resembling paintings, expressed through weaving (tapestry weave). Masterpieces of tapestry include a series of Gobelins tapestry work entitled “Tapisserie de l'Apocalypse”, and “La Dame à la Licorne” at Musée de Cluny. The role of tapestry in today’s living space is much more than decoration, and students are asked to explore further its significance. Based on the theme “Dialogue between space and wall”, expression by weaving and dyeing, and its relationship with space are explored.
Students learn and consider the origin and transition of tapestry and its spiritual and physical effects on space from lectures. Studies on textile utilizing shape-memory property and open screen are also conducted.
●Textile art research
Students study Wall Hanging from wide perspectives and explore its development in contemporary art. Students learn and understand the historical progress and its transition, and propose artwork using fiber material.
Transformation of tapestry is a quest for significance of art, design and expressions through the material and technique. Students conduct research on textile art in Japan, while discussing diversity of expression in contemporary art.
●Interior fabric “At the Window”
Relationship of space and textile is explored by studying color, material and weaving technique of curtain. Students study and understand primary purposes of curtain such as keeping warmth, sound insulation and shading, and propose a textile product while considering its making method as well as its significance as art.
Students conduct production and research of curtain or some textile object covering the window, while considering the meaning of function and decoration from a wide perspective. If one assumes curtain as a form of textile performing art, it is possible to propose new spatial expression.
●Pattern Design / from reproduction to original design
When planning textile design on paper, it is important to understand and acknowledge that the final goal is expression by fabric. The expression requires acquisition of expression technique as well as consideration for material, technique and function.
Then students conduct reproduction of traditional Japanese patterns focusing on shape, layout and color, which eventually lead to development of original design. Students work as a group and produce original fabric inspired from rhythms they experienced at the live performance of percussion instruments.
Students gain knowledge on materials, and foster abilities to “draw” as well as creating color harmony. Significance of historical patterns can be acknowledged through reproduction process. In addition, students take photos of surrounding textures and then develop a two-dimensional work while demonstrating expression techniques.
●Textile as membrane
Pursuit of possibilities in textile is diversified and far beyond the scope of conventional dyeing and weaving. It is also necessary to develop new ideas incorporating possibilities in other fields. In order to establish the existence of fabric, we should not depend only on subdivided techniques, but are expected to pursue design with possibilities generated from new integration.
(Excerpt from Whole Cloth by Constantine Reuter) It is important to evaluate textile design from a bird’s eye perspective. Students explore the expression of art and design based on the theme of “textile - membrane”.
Significance of material, thread, and textile, as well as color and pattern are assessed and formative artwork in textile is proposed using specific methods.
●Textile creates people, society, and environment
New creation through integration is an important challenge in the field of textile. Collaboration of art and design in concept work and design development is integration of expressions, which makes us aware that design is for art, and art for design. Interpretation of membrane from the previous assignment is applied to a proposal of relationship between body, environment, and object using various expression methods. Students produce and propose textile work based on the themes such as “textile transmitting messages to the society”, “textile with ideas”, and formative art made of thread.
Students make proposal based on possibilities in the aforementioned fields, which leads to specific ideas regarding formative art, material, environment, and production.
While anticipating graduation work, students are encouraged to experiment with possibilities of new expressions during this period. Each student is required to articulate his/her goal and exert advanced expression technique, to enrich his/her research theme. Students are free to present in any styles, such as actual work, prototypes, or other formats. Research theme should address appealing points and problems of textile as craft, and others to prepare for creation of his/her own expression.
Students conduct specific research and production as a preliminary study for graduation work.